Indiana University Northwest
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Department of History, Philosophy, Political Science, Religious Studies

Department of History, Philosophy, Political Science, Religious Studies

Class Schedule

Courses

HIST-A 301 : Colonial and Revolutionary America I

3 credits
Possible themes for this course include the development of British North America, the colonial origins of the revolutionary struggle in America, and an exploration of the American Revolutionary era, 1765 to 1789. (Occasionally)

HIST-A 303 : The United States, 1789-1865

3 credits
This course will examine the early American republic, beginning with the Constitutional Convention and ending with the conclusion of the Mexican-American War. Topics that will be explored include the early development of the American government, the rise of partisanship and democracy, social and economic developments, slavery, and westward expansion. (Occasionally)

HIST-A 313 : Origins of Modern America, 1865-1917

3 credits
Social, economic, cultural, and political ways in which Americans accommodated and resisted changes introduced by large-scale industrialization. Populism and progressivism receive special attention. (Occasionally)

HIST-A 314 : United States, 1917-1945

3 credits
Political, demographic, economic, and intellectual transformation during World War I, the twentieis, the Great Depression, and World War II. (Occasionally)

HIST-A 315 : Recent U.S. History

3 credits
Political, demographic, economic, and intellectual transformation after World War II, with special emphasis on the 1950s. (Occasionally)

HIST-A 317 : American Social History, 1865 to Present

3 credits
Development of modern American social and intellectual patterns since 1880. Social thought, literature, science, arts, religion, morals, education. (Occasionally)

HIST-A 318 : The American West

3 credits
Western expansion and development 1763-1900: economic, political, and social changes. Special attention to natural resources, Indian-white relations, and the role of the West in American myth and symbology. (Occasionally)

HIST-A 321 : American Social History, 1865 to Present

3 credits
Ideas that have influenced American history. From the image of New World to challenge of Jacksonian democracy. (Occasionally)

HIST-A 346 : American Diplomatic History

3 credits
Foundations and evolution of American foreign policy with particular emphasis on the role of the United States as a world power in the twentieth centure. (Occasionally)

HIST-A 347 : American Urban History

3 credits
Development of cities and processes of urbanization in United States history. (Occasionally)

HIST-A 348 : Civil War and Reconstruction

3 credits
Crisis of the Union; social, political, economic, and cultural factors leading to war and their influence in the war. Reconstruction and its consequences in the South and in the nation. (Occasionally)

HIST-A 352 (may b : History of Latinos in the United States

3 credits
Latino experience in the United States; economic and social factors of the Latino role in a non-Latino nation. (Fall)

HIST-A 355 (may b : Afro-American History I

3 credits
History of blacks in the United States. Slavery, abolitionism. Reconstruction, post-Reconstruction to 1900. (Fall)

HIST-A 356 (may b : Afro-American History II

3 credits
History of blacks in the United States from 1900 to present. Migration north, NAACP, Harlem Renaissance, postwar freedom movement. (Spring)

HIST-A 363 : Survey of Indiana History

3 credits
A survey of Indiana history and culture from the original inhabitants to recent times, with emphasis on the growth of a distinctive Hoosier culture. (Fall and Spring)

HIST-A 369 : Issues in Early United States History

3 credits
Study and analysis of selected historical issues and problems in United States history to 1870. Topics will vary. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of 6 credit hours. (Occasionally)

HIST-A 382 : The Sixties

3 credits
An intensive examination of the decade that tore apart post-World War II American society, beginning with the confident liberalism that believed the nation could "pay any price" and "bear any burden" in order to stop communism abroad and to promote reform at home, focusing on the internal contradictions and external challenges that destroyed this liberal agenda (civil rights and black power, the New Left, the counterculture, second-wave feminism, the sexual revolution, the Vietnam War, and the globalization of the economy), and finishing with the more conservative order that emerged in the early 1970s to deal with the conflicting realities of limited national power and wealth on the one hand, and rising demands for rights and opportunities on the other. (Occasionally)

HIST-A 391 ( may : History of Chicanos and Puerto Ricans in the U.S. I

3 credits
Analysis of the historical experiences of Chicanos and Puerto Ricans in American society from colonial times to 1900. Focuses on original Spanish settlements; colonial and Mexican societies; Mexican-American War; processes of subordination and proletarianization; development of Mexican culture in the United States; and the Spanish-American War. (Occasionally)

HIST-A 392 (may b : History of Chicanos and Puerto Ricans in the U.S. II

3 credits
Analysis of the historical experiences of Chicanos and Puerto Ricans in American society from 1900 to present. Focuses on issues of immigration and migration; continued subordination; social and cultural adaptation; and political protest and organization. (Occasionally)

HIST-A 446 (may b : Mexican and Puerto Rican Immigration and Migration

3 credits
Study of the migration of Mexicans and Puerto Ricans to the United States. Emphasis will be on push-pull factors of migration, the incorporation of both groups into the American socioeconomic structure, the role of federal legislation in patterns of migration, and the special plight of undocumented workers. (Occasionally)

HIST-B 200 : Issues in Western European History

3 credits
Study and analysis of selected historical issues and problems across more than one period of Western European history. Topics vary but usually cut across fields, regions, and periods. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of 6 credit hours. (Occasionally)

HIST-B 300 : Issues in Western European History

3 credits
Study and analysis of selected historical issues and problems across more than one period of Western European history.  Topics vary, but usually cut across fields, regions, and periods.  May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of 6 credit hours. (Occasionally)

HIST-B 304 : Postwar European Youth

3 credits
In the period following the Second World War European society was rapidly remade, granting greater social, cultural, and economic autonomy to young people.  Young people in Britain, France, the Germanys, and the Soviet Union created new identities for themselves that illustrated the convergence of culture and politics.  This course explores the experiences of young people in the postwar era to gauge the broader transformations in contemporary European life. (Occasionally)

HIST-B 346 : The Crusades

3 credits
Christian military expeditions authorized by the popes between 1095 and 1500.  An exploration of the concept of holy war, the military campaigns, the crusades ideal, the crusaders motivations, women''s involvement, life in the crusader states, cultural exchanges between Muslims, Christians, and Jews, and the modern legacy of the crusades.(Occasionally)

HIST-B 351 : Western Europe in the Early Middle Ages

3 credits
Evolution of European civilization from the fall of Rome, development of Christianity, and the Germanic invasions through Charlemagne''s Empire and the subsequent development of feudalism, manorialism, papacy, and Romanesque architecture. (Occasionally)

HIST-B 352 : Western Europe in the High Middle Ages

3 credits
Expansion of European culture and institutions: chivalry, Crusades, rise of towns, universities, Gothic architecture, law, revival of central government. Violent changes in late-medieval Europe: overpopulation, plague, Hundred Years'' War, peasant revolt, crime, inquisition, and heresy. (Occasionally)

HIST-B 356 : French Revolution and Napoleon

3 credits
Crisis of the Old Regime; middle class and popular revolt; constitutional monarchy to Jacobin commonwealth; the Terror and revolutionary government; expansion of Revolution in Europe; rise and fall of the Napoleonic Empire. (Occasionally)

HIST-B 357 : Modern France

3 credits
A social, political, and cultural survey of France in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. (Occasionally)

HIST-B 359 : Europe from Napoleon to the First World War

3 credits
Vienna settlement and period of reaction in Europe; liberalism and nationalism; revolutions; industrial revolution; capitalism; socialist movements; unification of Italy and Germany; clericalism and anticlericalism; struggles for political democracy; social legislation; imperialism, nationalist rivalries, and background of World War I. (Occasionally)

HIST-B 361 : Europe in the Twentieth Century I

3 credits
Diplomatic, economic, intellectual, military, political, and social developments within Europe from World War I to present; changing relationships between Europe and other parts of the world. (Occasionally)

HIST-B 391 : Themes in World History

3 credits
Contemporary bibliography and interpretations of major problems in world history. (Fall and Spring)

HIST-C 300 : Issues in Classical and Byzantine History

3 credits
Study and analysis of the history of Greece or Rome, the history of Late Antiquity in the Greco-Roman world, or of the Byzantine Empire.  Topics will vary in focus, region, and period.  May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of 6 credit hours. (Occasionally)

HIST-C 386 : Greek History

3 credits
Political, social, and economic developments in Greek world from age of Mycenae and Troy until Roman conquest (167 B.C.). Greek colonial world, Athens, and Sparta, career and legend of Alexander the Great, the Hellenistic Age. Archaeology as a source for political and social history. (Occasionally)

HIST-C 388 : Roman History

3 credits
History of Roman people, from legendary origins to death of Justinian (A.D. 565), illustrating development from city-state to world empire. Evolutionary stages exemplify transition from early kingship to republican forums, finally replaced by monarchy of distinctively Roman type. (Occasionally)

HIST-D 310 : Russian Revolutions and the Soviet Regime

3 credits
Russia on the eve of World War I; revolutions that have swept Russia; principal developments in government, economy, cultural and social life, and international policy under the Communist regime; expansion of Russian and Communist power, particularly since 1945. (Occasionally)

HIST-F 301 (may b : History of Puerto Rico

3 credits
Colonization by Spain; international development; Spanish-American War; occupation by United States; economic, social, and political development; migration to the mainland; debate on independence, autonomy, and statehood. (Occasionally)

HIST-F 444 (may b : History of Mexico

3 credits
Brief survey of the colonial period and independence movement. Ideological conflicts within the republic. Revolution of 1910. Relation with United States from Mexican viewpoint. (Occasionally)

HIST-G 200 : Issues in Asian History

3 credits
Study and analysis of selected historical issues and problems of general import.  Topics vary from semester to semester but usually are broad subjects that cut across fields, regions, and periods.  May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of 6 credit hours. (Fall and Spring)

HIST-G 315 : History and Memory of Modern China and Japan

3 credits
This class surveys the history and memory revolving around the war between China and Japan (1937-45), which was part of the Pacific phase of World War II. By focusing on how the Sino-Japanese War, and especially the Nanjing (Nanking) Massacre has been remembered in both China and Japan, this course explores the relationship between memory, politics, culture, and society in the formation of history and memory in modern China and Japan. (Occasionally)

HIST-G 369 : Modern Japan

3 credits
Western impact and social and intellectual change in late Tokugawa Japan from about 1720. The Meiji Restoration. State capitalism and the Japanese development process. Empire, war defeat, U.S. occupation, and renewal in the twentieth century. Japan''s rise to the front rank of world economic powers after World War II. (Fall and Spring)

HIST-G 385 : Modern China

3 credits
A survey of the final century of dynastic rule and the rise to power of the Nationalist and Communist parties, highlighting social and cultural developments, the impact of Western imperialism, and the evolution of revolutionary ideologies. (Fall and Spring)

HIST-G 387 : Contemporary China

3 credits
A survey of recent Chinese history focusing on social, cultural, and political life in the People''s Republic of China and post-1949 Taiwan. Events covered include the Long March, the Cultural Revolution, and the Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989. (Fall and Spring)

HIST-G 410 : China, Japan and the U.S. in the 20th and 21st Centuries

3 credits
This course discusses the relationship between China, Japan, and the U.S. in the 20th and 21st centuries.  We study the mutual perceptions and interactions of the three countires over the 20th Century, and examine how the perceptions and memoires of these interactions impact their relationships in the 21st Century.  (Every other year)

HIST-H 105 : American History I

3 credits
Colonial period, Revolution, Confederation and Constitution. National period to 1865. Political history forms the framework, with economic, social, cultural, and intellectual history interwoven. Introduction to historical literature, source material, and criticism. (Fall, Spring, Summer I, Summer II)

HIST-H 106 : American History II

3 credits
1865 to present. Political history forms the framework, with economic, social, cultural, and intellectual history interwoven. Introduction to historical literature, source material, and criticism. (Fall, Spring, Summer I, Summer II)

HIST-H 107 : American History: General Course III

3 credits
A thematic approach to the study of American history, 1600 to the present. Each section will deal with one or more topics, according to the interests of the instructor. Topics might be, for example, a study of American character, race and ethnicity, violence, women and sexism, or mobility and change. (Occasionally)

HIST-H 113 : History of Western Civilization I

3 credits
Rise and fall of ancient civilizations; barbarian invasions; rise, flowering, and disruption of medieval Church; feudalism; national monarchies; rise of middle class; parliamentary institutions; liberalism; political democracy; industrial revolution; capitalism and socialist movements; nationalism, imperialism, and international rivalries; wars. (Fall, Spring, Summer I, Summer II)

HIST-H 114 : History of Western Civilization II

3 credits
Rise and fall of ancient civilizations; barbarian invasions; rise, flowering, and disruption of medieval Church; feudalism; national monarchies; rise of middle class; parliamentary institutions; liberalism; political democracy; industrial revolution; capitalism and socialist movements; nationalism, imperialism, and international rivalries; wars. (Fall, Spring, Summer I, Summer II)

HIST-H 207 : Modern East Asian Civilization

3 credits
Contrasting patterns of indigenous change and response to Western imperialism in East Asia during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. China and Japan receive primary consideration. Emphasis on the rise of nationalism and other movements directed toward revolutionary change. (Occasionally)

HIST-H 215 : Proseminar in History

3 credits
Selected topics of history. May be taken three times. (Spring)
Prerequisite - Freshmen and sophomores with consent of instructor.

HIST-H 219 : Origins and History of the Second World War

3 credits
Nazi and fascist aggression, collective security, appeasement and outbreak of war in Europe. German blitzkrieg; Russian front; North African, Italian, and Normandy campaigns; Hitler''s racial policies; Japanese-American hostility; Pearl Harbor; island hopping; the atomic bomb. Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill at Teheran, Yalta, and Potsdam. War-crime trials. (Occasionally)

HIST-H 220 : American Military History

3 credits
From settlement of colonies to present. European background, colonial militia, Indian fighting. Principal foreign wars and their strategic objectives. Technological changes and effect of military on American society. Army is emphasized, with some attention to Navy, Marines, and Air Force. (Occasionally)

HIST-H 225 : Special Topics in History

3 credits
Study and analysis of selected historical issues and problems of general import. Topics will vary from semester to semester, but will usually be broad subjects that cut across fields, regions, and periods. May be repeated once for credit. (Occasionally)

HIST-H 228 : The Vietnam War

3 credits
Indochinese history; French colonialism; Cold War dynamics; U.S. military-political actions; domestic U.S. politics; U.S. disengagement; Indochinese and American legacies. (Occasionally)

HIST-H 232 : The World in the Twentieth Century

3 credits
Shaping of the contemporary world, with emphasis on the interaction of the West, particularly Western imperialism and Western political and social ideas, with non-Western lands. Examination of revolutionary, national, ideological, social, and/or religious movements in Japan, China, India, Mexico, Russia, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, Africa. Today''s political, social, and economic institutions. (Fall and Spring)

HIST-H 425 : Topics in History

3 credits
Intensive study and analysis of selected historical issues and problems of limited scope from the perspective of arts and humanities. Topics will vary but will ordinarily cut across fields, regions, and periods. May be repeated for credit. (Occasionally)

HIST-H 495 : Undergraduate Readings in History

1 - 12 credits
Prior arrangement with individual faculty member. Faculty-supervised experience in museum work, historic preservation, historical societies, oral history, or other history- related fieldwork in private and public institutions. (Occasionally)
Prerequisite - At least junior standing and 12 credit hours of related course work.

HIST-J 485 : Historiography

3 credits
Principles, methodology, and practice of historical study, with emphasis on the varieties of history, the writing of history, and historical literature. (Occasionally)

HIST-J 495 : Proseminar for History Majors

3 credits
Selected topics of history. May be taken three times. (Fall, Spring)

HIST-K 493 : Reading for Honors

12 credits
(Occasionally)
Prerequisite - Approval of departmental honors committee.

HIST-K 499 : Senior Honors Thesis

3 credits
Senior-level course for honors students only. Training in research and writing, culminating in honors thesis to be written under direction of faculty member. Oral examination over thesis conducted by three faculty members. (Occasionally)

HIST-T 325 : Topics in History

3 credits
Study and analysis of selected historical issues and problems of limited scope from perspective of the arts and humanities.  Topics will vary, but will usually cut across fields, regions, and periods.  May be repeated with a different topic. (Occasionally)

HIST-T 425 : Topics in History

3 credits
Intensive study and analysis of selected historical issues and problems of limited scope from the perspective of arts and humanities. Topics will vary, but will ordinarily cut across fields, regions, and periods. May be repeated for credit. (Occasionally)

PHIL-P 100 : Introduction to Philosophy

3 credits
Perennial problems of philosophy, including problems in ethics, in epistemology and metaphysics, and in philosophy of religion. (Fall, Spring, Summer I and II)

PHIL-P 117 : Atheism and the Question of God''s Existence

3 credits
Explores the central arguments, concepts, and responses surrounding atheism and agnosticism.  Topics include an examination of the arguments supporting theism, deductive and inductive atheology, and the existence of evil, faith, miracles, and morality. (Annually)

PHIL-P 135 : Introduction to Phenomenology and Existentialism

3 credits
Existentialism as a philosophical movement founded on phenomenology. Philosophical themes and their development, applications, or exemplifications in existentialist literature. Course presupposes no particular knowledge of philosophy. Readings from some or all of the following: Buber, Camus, Heidegger, Husserl, Jaspers, Kierkegaard, Marcel, Nietzsche, Sartre. (Occasionally)

PHIL-P 140 : Introduction to Ethics

3 credits
Some ancient, medieval, or modern philosophers'' answers to ethical problems (e.g., nature of good and evil, relation of duty to self-interest, objectivity of moral judgments). (Fall, Spring, Summer I and II)

PHIL-P 150 : Elementary Logic

3 credits
Development of critical tools for the evaluation of arguments. Not a prerequisite for PHIL P250. (Fall, Spring, Summer I and II)

PHIL-P 200 : Problems in Philosophy

3 credits
A study of special, experimental, or timely topics drawn from the full range of philosophical discussion and designed to engage interests unmet in the regular curriculum. May be repeated with a different topic for a maximum of 6credit hours. (Occasionally)

PHIL-P 201 : Ancient Greek Philosophy

3 credits
Selective survey of ancient Greek philosophy (Pre-Socratics, Plato, Aristotle). (Annually)

PHIL-P 206 : Philosophy of Religion

3 credits
A survey of the main topics in the philosophy of religion, such as arguments for or against the existence of God, divine attributes, the problem of evil, miracles, immortality, and the connection between religion and morality. (Occasionally)

PHIL-P 211 : Modern Philosophy: Descartes through Kant

3 credits
Selective survey of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century philosophy, including some or all of Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Kant. (Occasionally)
Prerequisite - 3 credit hours of philosophy.

PHIL-P 246 : Introduction to Philosophy and Art

3 credits
Introduction to the philosophical study of art and the relationship between art and philosophy.  Topics include the nature of a work of art, the role of emotions in art, the interpretation and appreciation of art, and the way philosophy is expressed in art. (Annually)

PHIL-P 250 : Introductory Symbolic Logic

3 credits
Propositional logic and first-order quantificational logic. (Occasionally)

PHIL-P 301 : Medieval Philosophy

3 credits
A survey, including Augustine, Boethius, Anselm, Abelard, Bonaventure, Aquinas, Duns Scotus, Ockham, and Nicholas of Cusa. (Occasionally)
Prerequisite - 3 credit hours of philosophy.

PHIL-P 304 : Nineteenth-Century Philosophy

3 credits
Selective survey of postKantian philosophy including Hegel, Marx, Kierkegaard, Mill. (Occasionally)
Prerequisite - 3 credit hours of philosophy.

PHIL-P 306 : Business Ethics

3 credits
A philosophical examination of ethical issues that arise in the context of business. Moral theory will be applied to such problems as the ethical evaluation of corporations, what constitutes fair profit, and truth in advertising. (Fall, Spring, Summer I and II)

PHIL-P 310 : Metaphysics

3 credits
Topics such as existence, individuation, contingency, universals and particulars, monism-pluralism, Platonism-nominalism, idealism-realism. (Occasionally)
Prerequisite - 3 credit hours of philosophy.

PHIL-P 316 : Twentieth-Century Philosophy

3 credits
A survey of representative philosophical approaches to problems of the present age, such as pragmatism, process and analytic philosophy, phenomenology, existentialism, neo-Marxism, and non-Western philosophy. (Occasionally)

PHIL-P 335 : Phenomenology and Existentialism

3 credits
Selected readings from Buber, Camus, Heidegger, Husserl, Jaspers, Kierkegaard, Marcel, Nietzsche, Sartre, and others. (Occasionally)
Prerequisite - 3 credit hours of philosophy.

PHIL-P 339 : Contemporary Issues in Human Rights

3 credits
This course examines human rights. Using the International Bill of Human Rights, concepts such as "dignity" and "respect" are applied directly to the local level. One objective is to link disagreement over rights and corresponding duties with differences in perception. Furthermore, accountability-securing measures are assessed in connection with failed state theory. (Occasionally)

PHIL-P 342 : Problems of Ethics

3 credits
May concentrate on a single large problem, such as whether utilitarianism is an adequate ethical theory or several more or less independent problems, such as the nature of goodness and the objectivity of moral judgments. (Occasionally)
Prerequisite - 3 credit hours of philosophy

PHIL-P 343 : Classics in Social and Political Philosophy

3 credits
Readings from Plato and Aristotle to Hobbes, Locke, Hegel, and Marx. Topics include the ideal state, the nature and proper ends of the state, natural law and natural rights, the social contract theory, and the notion of community. (Occasionally)
Prerequisite - 3 credit hours of philosophy

PHIL-P 346 : Philosophy and Art

3 credits
Selected philosophical problems concerning art and art criticism. Topics such as the definition of art, expression, representation, style, form and content, and the aesthetic and the cognitive. (Occasionally)
Prerequisite - 3 credit hours of philosophy

PHIL-P 360 : Introduction to Philosophy of Mind

3 credits
Selected topics from among the following: the nature of mental phenomena (e.g., thinking, volition, perception, emotion); and the mind-body problem (e.g., dualism, behaviorism, materialism). (Occasionally)
Prerequisite - 3 credit hours of philosophy

PHIL-P 383 : Topics in Philosophy (variable title)

3 credits
An advanced study of special, experimental, or timely topics drawn from the full range of philosophical discussion and designed to engage interests unmet in the regular curriculum. (Occasionally)

PHIL-P 393 : Biomedical Ethics

3 credits
A philosophical consideration of ethical problems that arise in current biomedical practice; for instance, abortion, euthanasia, determination of death, consent to treatment, and professional responsibilities in connection with research, experimentation, and health care delivery. (Fall, Spring, Summer I and II)

PHIL-P 490 : Readings in Philosophy

1 - 3 credits
Intensive study of selected authors, topics, and problems. (Occasionally)
Prerequisite - consent of instructor

POLS-Y 103 : Introduction to American Politics

3 credits
An introduction to the nature of politics and government and the dynamics of American politics. The course includes an analysis of the origin and nature of the American federal system, its political party base, and its major institutions. (Fall and Spring)

POLS-Y 105 : Introduction to Political Theory

3 credits
Perennial problems of political philosophy, including relationships between rulers and the ruled, nature of authority, social conflict, character of political knowledge, and objectives of political action. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 107 : Introduction to Comparative Politics

3 credits
Examines countries around the world to investigate fundamental questions about politics.  Topics include democratic development, promotion of economic prosperity, maintenance of security, and management of ethnic and religious conflict.  Critical thinking skills encouraged.  Cases for comparison include advanced industrialized democracies, communist and former communist countries, and developing countries. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 109 : Introduction to International Relations

3 credits
Causes of war, nature and attributes of the state, imperialism, international law, national sovereignty, arbitration, adjudication, international organization, major international issues. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 163 : Politics and Religion

3 credits
This is an introductory course that will cover religion in the U.S. political system from the legal, historical, social, and political perspectives.  This includes an analysis of the relationship between church and state, the impact of religion on major dimensions of politics in the U.S. and the impact of religion on major elements of our society. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 200 : Contemporary Political Topics

3 credits
An extensive analysis of selected contemporary political problems. Topics vary from semester to semester and are listed in the Schedule of Classes. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 205 : Elements of Political Analysis

3 credits
An introduction to the major approaches to and techniques of the systematic study of politics. Includes an introduction to the analysis of quantitative data. Required for majors. (Fall)

POLS-Y 301 : Political Parties and Interest Groups

3 credits
A presentation of the nature of political parties, social movements, and interest groups and their relationship to the process of representation. The course also includes a discussion of the structure and organization of and membership in these groups. Theories about political party activity and behavior are also evaluated. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 302 : Public Bureaucracy in Modern Society

3 credits
Examines public bureaucracy, with special emphasis upon the United States as a political phenomenon engaging in policy-making and in the definition of the terms of policy issues. Considers the role of bureaucratic instruments in promoting social change and in responding to it. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 303 : Formation of Public Policy in the United States

3 credits
An analysis of the processes and institutions involved in the formation of public policy with emphasis on Congressional policy-making, oversight, fiscal control, and political setting. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 304 : American Constitutional Law I

3 credits
A study of the nature and function of law and the judicial process. An analysis of selected Supreme Court decisions interpreting the U.S. Constitution. (Fall)

POLS-Y 305 : American Constitutional Law II

3 credits
A further study of the nature and function of law and the judicial process with an analysis of other important selected Supreme Court decisions interpreting the U.S. Constitution. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 307 : Indiana State Government and Politics

3 credits
A study of the constitutional foundations, political development, organization, accomplishments, and current problems of Indiana government. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 308 : Urban Politics

3 credits
An analysis of political behavior in modern American urban communities. The course emphasizes the impact of municipal organization, city officials and bureaucracies, social and economic notables, political parties, interest groups, the general public, and protest organizations on urban policy outcomes. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 312 : Workshop in State and Local Government

3 credits
An intensive study of administration problems such as financial administration, public health, and welfare. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 316 : Public Opinion and Political Participation

3 credits
A study of the nature of public opinion and its impact on major domestic and foreign policy issues, of mass political ideology, of voting behavior and other forms of political participation, and of political culture. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 318 : The American Presidency

3 credits
An analysis of the development of the Presidency and its relationship to the American political system. The course also offers a study of presidential personalities and roles, with emphasis on political leadership, and of problems of the contemporary Presidency. (Spring)

POLS-Y 319 : The United States Congress

3 credits
A study of the role of Congress in American national politics with emphasis on constitutional powers, organization, historical development, reform, Congressional-executive relations, policy-making, oversight, and fiscal control. (Fall)

POLS-Y 335 : Western European Politics

3 credits
Development, structure, and functioning of political systems, primarily in France, Italy, and Germany. Political dynamics of European integration. (Fall)

POLS-Y 360 : United States Foreign Policy

3 credits
Analysis of institutions and processes involved in the formation and implementation of American foreign policy. The course also offers an overview of major post-World War II U.S. foreign policies. (Fall)

POLS-Y 362 : International Politics of Selected Regions

3 credits
The region studied will vary with the instructor and the year. However, Latin America is often the region selected. Current information may be obtained from the Political Science faculty. (Every other Spring)

POLS-Y 366 : Current Foreign Policy Problems

3 credits
An analysis of foreign policy issues and options facing the United States. Such issues and options may include totalitarianism, imperialism, terrorism, containment, diplomacy, preventive actions, and others. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 372 : The Analysis of International Politics

3 credits
An analysis of the nature and attributes of the nation-state and of international systems. The course also includes an analysis of nationalism, imperialism, the causes of war, sovereignty, international law, inter­national organizations, and major international issues. (Fall)

POLS-Y 373 : The Politics of Terrorism

3 credits
Examines the definition, history, logic, and political implications of terrorism. (Spring)

POLS-Y 381 : Classical Political Thought

3 credits
This course is not a history of political theory per se. Rather, it is an intensive study of selected works in ancient and medieval political philosophy including Plato''s The Republic, Aristotle''s Politics, Cicero''s The Commonwealth, and St. Thomas Aquinas'' The Laws. (Every other Fall)

POLS-Y 382 : Modern Political Thought

3 credits
Similarly to POLS-Y 381, this course is an intensive study of selected works in political philosophy of the so-called modern philosophers. These include Niccolò Machiavelli''s The Prince, Thomas Hobbes'' The Leviathan, John Locke''s Second Treatise on Government, Jean-Jacques Rousseau''s Treatise on the Origins of Inequality Among Men and The Social Contract, and Karl Marx''s Communist Manifesto. (Every other Spring)

POLS-Y 383 : American Political Ideas I

3 credits
American political ideas from the colonial period to the founding period. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 384 : American Political Ideas II

3 credits
American Political ideas from the founding period to the present. (Summer)

POLS-Y 385 : Comparative Politics: Europe and Canada

3 credits
A comparative analysis of four European countries and Canada —four seasoned democracies and Russia, whose political system is still in flux. Emphasis is placed on the political heritage of these countries, their governmental institutions, electoral systems, political party systems, and decision-making processes. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 394 : Public Policy Analysis

3 credits
A study of the place of theory and method in examining public policies in relation to programs, institutional arrangements, and constitutional problems. Particular reference to American political experience. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 398 : Internship in Urban Institutions

3 - 6 credits
This option, which requires the permission of a political science faculty, provides opportunities for students to observe and participate directly in the policy-making process of urban institutions requiring the assistance of paraprofessionals. Research and written reports are required. Evaluations will be made by both the agency and the faculty advisor. Students working in city and county institutions may repeat the course for a maximum of 6 credit hours. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 401 : Topics in Political Science

3 credits
Topic varies with the instructor and year; consult the Schedule of Classes for current information. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 480 : Undergraduate Readings in Political Science

1 - 6 credits
Individual readings and research. No more than 6 credit hours total may be taken. May be taken only with consent of instructor. (Fall or Spring)

POLS-Y 481 : Field Experience in Political Science

1 - 6 credits
Open to junior or senior majors only. Political science project approved by a faculty member. Faculty-directed study of aspects of the political process based upon field experience. Directed readings, field research, research paper. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 490 : Senior Seminar in Political Science

3 credits
Required for majors in political science. Research paper on a selected topic approved by a political science faculty member required. (Fall or Spring)

POLS-Y 496 : Foreign Study in Political Science

3 credits
This course involves planning of research project during year preceding summer abroad. Time spent in research abroad must amount to at least one week for each credit hour granted. Research paper must be presented by end of semester following foreign study. (Occasionally)

POLS-Y 499 : Honors Thesis

3 credits
Requires the approval of a political science faculty and departmental honors advisor. (Occasionally)

REL-R 160 : Introduction to Religion in America

3 credits
Traditional patterns of encounter with the sacred. Secularization of Western culture. Religious elements in contemporary American culture. (Fall, Spring)

REL-R 170 : Religion, Ethics and Public Life

3 credits
Western religious convictions and their consequences for judgments about personal and social morality, including such issues as sexual morality, medical ethics, questions of socioeconomic organization, and moral judgments about warfare. (Fall and Spring)

REL-R 300 : Studies in Religion

3 credits
Selected topics and movements in religion seen from an interdisciplinary viewpoint. May be repeated twice under different titles. (Occasionally)

REL-R 340 : Contemporary Religious Thought

3 credits
Interpretation of human destiny in contemporary religious and antireligious thought. (Occasionally)